Work package 2: ICT software platforms

The software development will be extensions of existing ICT platforms. These platforms are flexible and scalable to suit different user needs, enable efficient development of customized solutions, and allow an easy integration with existing ICT systems.

WP2.1 Precipitation forecast

DMI will contribute with two types of short-term precipitation forecasts for the project. To enhance the chances of inclusion of heavy rain events in the project database, delivery of forecasts will start early, while DMI during the course of the project will work on improving the quality of the forecasts.

Forecasts based on extrapolation of radar observations (range 0-3 h). The resolution of this product is initially 2x2 km2 and is based on a fixed Marshall Palmer relation. Later it will be upgraded to 0.5x0.5 km2 resolution. Finally, the method for conversion between radar signal strength and precipitation amount will be improved. Radar forecasts are updated every 10 min.
Numerical Weather Predictions (NWP) forecasts of precipitation from a rapid update cycle (RUC) model (range 0-12h). The spatial resolution of the NWP forecast product is 3 km. The forecasts have a temporal resolution of 10 min and are updated every hour. The RUC model will be further developed by improving the filtering of the radar data (removing "false" echoes not related to precipitation) and from assimilation of additional observations, including foreign radars, ModeS data (additional temperatures and winds from aircrafts), and GPS data (provides humidity).

WP2.2 User requirements and software design

Identification of potential user groups and specification of software requirements in consultation with the water utility partners. From user surveys cases will be defined that will form the basis for the software design. This will include specifications of user interfaces and functionality areas tailored to the different user groups. The user surveys will also feed back to the planning of research and development activities in WP1 and to the testing preparations in WP3.

User requirements will be given high priority in the beginning and users will be regularly consulted throughout the software development to review user interfaces and software functionality. 

WP2.3 Enhanced functionality in ICT platforms

The software development will be based on the existing STAR and MIKE ICT platforms.

User interfaces and associated functionality areas tailored to the different user groups will be developed. The ICT platforms will be extended with the new forecasting models and MPC tools developed in WP1. The software solutions will integrate all the required elements for real-time forecasting and control, i.e. on-line sensor data and operation data, precipitation forecast products, forecast models, MPC, and dissemination. It will provide:

  • Inflow forecasts to wastewater treatment plants on water and pollutants
  • Forecasts of combined sewer overflows (flow and pollutants) and impacts in relation to selected indicators
  • Flood forecasts
  • Optimised control for controllable devices

Examples of results:
Kruger has successfully implemented their solutions in a cloud-based environment AQUAVISTATM Plant, and enabled higher user involvement by implementing a sandbox where customers can implement their own solutions. Krüger also uses this environment for the development of new algorithms.
In Water Smart Cities Lab was for the first time applied with external partners. The video demonstrates the look and feel of the development environment and how Lab can be applied in your daily work.

DHI has successfully implemented their monitoring and warning system for flow and ammonia in Copenhagen and are well under way with implementing Model Predictive Control in Aarhus.